Nepal, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is the 48th largest country by population and the 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation’s capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.

Glance of Nepal
Capital City: Kathmandu
Population: 30 Million
Language: Nepalese, English & 129 dialects
Currency: NRS Nepalese Rupees (USD 1 = NRS 109.00 approx)
Time Zone: (GMT+05:45)
Electricity: Type C (European 2-pin), Type D (Old British 3-pin), Type M (see D)
Dialing Code: +977 1 9851053024
Government: Republic

Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. The Himalayan range runs across the northern part of Nepal. It is bordered by Tibet (China) to the north and by India to the south, east, and west.

Nepal’s climate is tropical in the south, temperate in the hills, and arctic in the high-altitude areas. There are five seasons: summer, monsoon, autumn, winter, and spring. In summer, temperatures in Kathmandu reach 30 degrees Celsius whilst it can be 45 degrees Celcius in the low-lying Terai region. Winter in the mountains can be very cold with sub-zero temperatures. Even Kathmandu can be chilly with temperatures just above zero degrees.

Nepal is a small country, approximately 800 kilometers long and 200 kilometers wide, with an area of 147,181 square kilometers. It is home to eight of the ten highest mountains in the world, including the highest point on earth, Mount Everest, reaching 8,848 meters. It also has vast low-lying plains. Three major river systems originate in the mountains and flow into the river Ganges in India. Only 20 percent of the land is cultivatable and 29 percent is covered in forest. Deforestation is a serious problem in Nepal because of the growing demand for firewood and grazing.

The main religion in Nepal is Hinduism, practiced by approximately 80 percent of the population. Buddhism, although officially practiced by only about 10 percent of the population, has an important following since Nepal is the birthplace of Buddha. Other religions include Islam and Christianity.

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